Factors That You Can't Change (Non-Modifiable)
- Advancing age: most powerful independent risk factor.
- Male gender: also higher risk of coronary heart disease among men compared with women.
- Heredity or family history: increased risk if a first-degree relative has had coronary heart disease or stroke before the age of 55 years (for a male relative) or 65 years (for a female relative).
- Non-white ethnicity or race: increased stroke in Blacks, some Hispanic Americans, Chinese, and Japanese populations. Increased cardiovascular deaths in South Asians and American Blacks in comparison with Whites.
- Previous history of TIA and/or stroke.
◄ Risk Factors for Stroke/TIA